Turkish baths, which have an extremely important place in Turkish culture, are not only a place for washing and cleaning, but also one of the most important points in terms of social, cultural and health.
In order to use water for health purposes, human beings have built water spaces such as baths and hot springs since ancient times. Turkish baths, one of these places, met the needs of people such as washing, cleaning and purification. Baths reflected the culture and life of a society and have been a part of social life in every period.
Arabic word "Hammam", that is derived from the combination of the word bath and Hebrew "Hamam", meaning the word "bath", is defined as "the place of washing, cleaning, purification and healing" in its simplest form.
The history of washing and healing with hot water, being treated, dates back to very old times. In the 4th century BC, there were Roman baths in Rome to treat the body and make it healthy. Apart from cleaning and purification, Roman baths have become the center of sports and cultural activities as well as being used in healthcare applications. Although Turkish baths show similarities with Roman baths in terms of character and use, there are huge differences between them both in terms of architecture and functionality.
Turks are a nation with a bath culture in pre-Islamic times. However, after the acceptance of Islam, the effects of Islam started to be seen in the bath architecture as in every field. Hamam architecture and mosque architecture have many similar features. Hammam dome and mosque dome show the same architectural features.
Turkish baths meet the need of hot water in two different ways with natural hot water and artificial heating hot water system. The baths built on natural hot water are generally classified as hot springs used for health purposes. Natural hot water is a source of healing for people with physical ailments and skin problems, and it provides purification from all diseases naturally.
Turkish baths that existed in Turkish culture for more than a thousand years; It has created a system that continues until today in terms of many different uses, positive effects on the body and cultural richness. Turkish baths are one of the most important places that have influenced the life of Turkish society in many social events such as entertainment, birth and marriage, as well as their functionality such as physical cleaning and purification.
Turkish baths are used today for cleaning, beauty, purification and health purposes. It has become the place where all body care will be performed with foam massage, peeling, hot and cold water pools, aromatic foam baths, massage with moss, clay, mud and vegetable oils in Turkish bath.
Turkish baths, which have been proven to be healthy and offer many different positive effects for human health;
Reduces stress, relaxes the brain and relaxes the body,
It relieves tension and pain in the muscles,
Accelerates blood circulation,
It affects the skin to look young and well-groomed,
In infectious diseases, therapies are performed with a steam bath and steam heat is good for many infectious diseases, especially cancer patients,
Due to the high temperature of the bath, toxins are removed from the sweating body and oxygen uptake of the cells is accelerated.
Turkish baths, which have been in Turkish culture for thousands of years, are among the most beneficial places in terms of social, cultural and health. Turkish baths, which have been meeting the needs of the society for so long, also have their own terms. Here are the terms specific to the Turkish bath;
Tellak: Tellak, a male bathing assistant, helps in washing and cutting people.
Natır: Natır, which is a female bath worker, helps women to wash and wash.
Peştamal: a thin woven cloth used for covering in the Turkish bath.
Clogs: slippers worn in the bath.