Anatolia is a region that connects Asia and Europe, and has hosted many civilizations throughout history due to its geographical location. Hittites, Urartians, Phrygians, Persians, Roman and Byzantine Empire, Seljuk and Ottoman Empire are some of the well-established civilizations that lived in this region. Therefore, from these civilizations as well as many ruins remain today in Turkey. Historical monuments and architectural remains of this civilization are exhibited in many museums of the structure has been operating in various regions of Turkey.
Now in Anatolia point, so let's look at some of the museums and archaeological sites in Turkey. In this article, we will examine only a few highlights, because if we want to touch on all of them, this article may not end.
Ephesus Ancient City, which is located in Selcuk district of Izmir today, was one of the 12 cities of Ionia during the Ancient Greek period. Ephesus, dating back to the 6th century BC, was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2015.
According to the legend, Ephesus, which was founded by female warriors, is made entirely of marble. Ephesus, one of the richest port cities of the period, has a philosophy school, library and temple. The ancient city has 2 entrance gates, and when you enter through the upper gate, a theater of 1500 people welcomes its visitors. In addition, a large theater with a capacity of 24000 people, the Virgin Mary Church and the Celsus Library are the must-see places of the Ephesus Ancient City.
Zeugm Mosaic Museum, which is an invaluable boon for art historians and archaeologists, attracts tourists from many parts of the world. The museum, which contains hundreds of works belonging to Late Ancient Churches, Early Syriac, Roman and Christian iconography, is a place that fascinates those who see it with a mosaic of 2500 square meters, a 140 square meter mural, 4 Roman fountains, a large number of sarcophagi and architectural pieces. Of course, if we say the world famous mosaic called "Gypsy Girl", it is the most precious part of the museum.
Sumela Monastery is located in the eastern Black Sea region of Turkey (Virgin Mary Monastery), a structure built on steep cliffs breathtaking. This monastery, which was built in the Roman period and where people lived until the 19th century, is a magnificent structure that must be seen if a Black Sea trip is made.
The Anatolian Civilizations Museum, selected as the “Museum of the Year” in Europe in 1997, has an incredible collection of civilizations that lived in Anatolia. Therefore, one of Turkey's most important museums can say for this place. Starting from the Paleolithic period to all prehistoric periods; We recommend you to spend at least 2 days in the museum, where historical artifacts belonging to the Assyrian, Hittite, Phrygian and Urartu kingdoms are found.
Apart from this museum in Ankara, capital of Turkey, Gordion Museum, Roman Baths, Temple of Augustus, has many historic buildings that deserve to be seen as Ankara Castle.
sea in Turkey, sand and sun that comes to mind first one from the city Situated in Antalya, Demre, St. Nicholas Church, located within the borders of Demre ancient city of Simena for history lovers, the ancient city is also a special place to pull itself.
Bodrum Underwater Archeology Museum, built on Karia, which is one of the important cities of ancient times, and which hosts many valuable historical monuments, is one of the few underwater museums of the world. It is located within Bodrum Castle, in the museum where historical artifacts found underwater are exhibited. In addition, the world's largest Islamic Glass Collection is also exhibited here.
The museum, which was established in the late 19th century by painter and museum artist Osman Hamdi Bey, known for his work "Turtle Trainer", is located on the "Historical Peninsula", the first settlement of Istanbul. Paleolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic periods; The museum, which has a huge collection including the entire Bronze Age period, the Hellenic period, the Roman and Byzantine periods, also contains many works from the Ottoman Empire.